Self Storage Laws
Updated almost all states January 2015 for the 2014 legislative session.
*some states have started charging a fee for accessing their state statutes. We will try to continue serving the storage industry and it's customers with as many state statutes as possible.
California Customer Record's Law
California Civil Code section 1798.80-1798.84 talks about what is considered personal information. A tenant's address is on the list of personal information to be protected. A lot of payment receipts that are generated by Self Storage software have the tenant's home address on there. Anyone making a payment on the account receives a receipt with the tenant's name, unit number, and address. This does seem to be in violation of the statute. I would recommend removing that information from the receipts that you hand to the payee.
Updated Minnesota Lien Law Effective August 1
The Minnesota lien law modernization bill, signed by Governor Mark Dayton in May, will be effective this Friday. The new law, formerly HF 2598/SF 2398, improves what was one of the most awkward default processes in the country.
Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon signed an updated self-storage lien law
on July 11 that expands tenant default-notification options, enables value limitations on stored items, and allows for towing of abandoned vehicles. House Bill 1225 was introduced to the Missouri House of Representatives in January. It was supported by the Missouri Self Storage Owners Association and the national Self Storage Association (SSA). It is similar to recent legislation passed in other states, in part due to lobbying efforts by the SSA and its affiliates.
The updated lien law provides self-storage operators with more options for notifying tenants of impending lien-sale procedures. Now they can use e-mail and place public advertisements in media other than a local newspaper. They can even use online-auction websites to conduct the actual sale.
In addition, HB 1225 allows operators to place limitations in their rental agreements on the value of stored goods. In the case of a lien sale, the value limit designated on the contract would be considered the maximum value of the stored property and the maximum liability of the operator for any claim of loss or damage to tenant goods. The period of default was also extended from 30 to 45 days.
Finally, new language in the new law addresses motor vehicles, including boats and RVs, and enables operators to have vehicles towed after delinquency exceeds 60 days.
A little Trip Wire for storage facilities that California has added to the "Hiring" section of the California Civil Code:
SB-1186 has added to:
CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE 5. HIRING
CHAPTER 1. HIRING IN GENERAL ................................. 1925-1938
1938. A commercial property owner or lessor shall state on every
lease form or rental agreement executed on or after July 1, 2013,
whether the property being leased or rented has undergone inspection
by a Certified Access Specialist (CASp), and, if so, whether the
property has or has not been determined to meet all applicable
construction-related accessibility standards pursuant to Section
Windows XP end of Life:
Facilities running Windows XP should switch over to Windows 7 before April. More information at http://forum.storagelienlaws.com/index.php/en/forum/5-facility-software-hardware/1731-windows-xp
* It is now a few months past April, and there have been quite a few Xp system users visiting the site, it is important that you make the change over as soon as possible. Xp systems are a target for a lot of malware and other malicious programs.
Positive Votes in Several States for Industry Legislation
The SSA continues to work with 20 state associations on 24 active legislative bills during the 2013 session. Over the past two weeks many of these bills have been acted upon.
- Arkansas lien improvement bill passed both houses of the legislature and awaits governor's signature (SB377). A tenant insurance bill has been introduced (HB1933).
- Florida lien improvement bill passed House Civil Justice Committee with 10-2 vote, will next be considered in House Judiciary Committee before Senate takes up measure (HB727).
- Georgia lien improvement bill has passed House, after already passing Senate. Must go back to the Senate for concurrence due to small changes (SB61).
- Indiana tenant insurance bill has passed the legislature and is headed to governor's desk for signature (S432).
- North Carolina lien improvement bill passed House Judiciary Committee (only 1 no vote) and will be voted upon by full House this week, then expected to move to Senate (HB243).
- Oregon bills, both for lien law updates and tenant insurance, passed full House (HB2706/HB2845). They now will be considered in the Senate.
- South Carolina lien improvement bill passed Judiciary subcommittee last week, will be considered by full committee this week (H3563).
- Tennessee tenant insurance bill made it through full Senate, now working in House (HB980).
- Utah lien improvement bill has passed both houses of the legislature and awaits governor's signature (SB182).
- Virginia tenant insurance bill has been signed by governor (HB1731).
- Michigan lien improvement bill (H4484).
- Michigan tenant insurance bill (H4485).
Florida Introduces SB 646 - HB 715 for Self Storage
Florida Self Storage Lien Improvement Law Passes Legislature Florida Senate unanimously voted to approve the SSA/FL-SSA-backed lien law modernization bill (SB0646 / HB0715). \
It had passed the House February 23rd and is expected to be signed by Gov. Rick Scott in coming weeks.
Barring any unforeseen delays, the law will be effective July 1st, 2012. Primarily it allows operators to utilize cheaper and more effective notification options, as opposed to certified mail, which has been required by law since 1979. Now operators can turn to email (if the tenant provides an email address) or verified mail (certificate of mailing or certified mail). The email will require a proof of delivery either by reply from the sender- or through an e-verification service such as "rpost"... (rpost.com). Certificate of mailing demonstrates a first class letter was deposited with the USPS to the last known address of the tenant.
The bill also requires operators to ask if the occupant is active duty military, a stipulation the industry conceded protects both the business and solder.
GENERAL BILL by Wise
Self-service Storage Facilities:
Revising notice requirements relating to enforcing an owner’s lien; authorizing notice by e-mail or first-class mail, along with a certificate of mailing; providing requirements for e-mail notice; revising provisions relating to when notice given is presumed delivered; requiring rental agreements and applications for rental agreements to contain a provision for the disclosure of the applicant’s membership in the uniformed services, etc.
11/16/2011Senate• Referred to Regulated Industries; Judiciary -SJ 55
01/10/2012Senate• Introduced -SJ 55
01/13/2012Senate• On Committee agenda-- Regulated Industries,
01/19/12, 8:15 am, 110 Senate Office Building
01/19/2012Senate• CS by Regulated Industries; YEAS 10 NAYS 0 -SJ 253
01/20/2012Senate• Pending reference review under Rule 4.7(2) - (Committee Substitute) • CS by Regulated Industries read 1st time -SJ 256
01/23/2012Senate• Now in Judiciary -SJ 253 02/15/2012Senate• On Committee agenda-- Judiciary,
02/20/12, 10:30 am, 110 Senate Office Building
02/20/2012Senate• Favorable by- Judiciary; YEAS 7 NAYS 0 -SJ 523 • Placed on Calendar, on 2nd reading -SJ 523
03/06/2012Senate• Placed on Special Order Calendar, 03/08/12
03/08/2012Senate• Read 2nd time -SJ 975 • Substituted CS/HB 715 -SJ 975 • Laid on Table, refer to CS/HB 715 -SJ 975
Death of a Storage Tenant
We have added a new article section for probate and property distributions for each state. I will be adding each state as soon as possible.
Some of the changes to lien laws are removing the lien sale advertising in the newspaper requirement.
I was little unsure these changes but after talking with the Stockton Record and seeing the article in the Wall Street Journal, it makes sense to move the lien sale advertising requirement from the printed version.
Nobody from the Stockton Record could explain why it would be important to keep the newspaper legal advertisement requirements.
From the WSJ.com Sector :
Newspaper Publishing Revenue 2010 (in millions):$40,726 Decline 2000-2010: -35.9% Forecast Decline 2010-2016:-18.8%
Establishments 2010: 6,128 Decline 2000-2010 Forecast: -28.6% Decline 2010-2016: -17.6%
The newspaper industry was able to fake their importance with a senator from southern California by claiming the storage facilities potential for mischief is limitless and the newspaper in the judicial district deputizes the entire community. Our city of almost 300,000 there is a subscription rate of under 5%, I do not see how that can deputize the entire community.
Kansas, Rhode Island Governors Sign Improved Self Storage Lien Laws
The SSA's legislative program chalked up two more victories last week when the Governors of both Kansas and Rhode Island signed new lien statutes into law. The efforts were driven primarily by the respective state self storage associations, with financial and consulting support from the national SSA. In addition to Kansas and Rhode Island, a new lien law was signed in Florida in April. Legislation aimed at improving lien statutes in Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey and Ohio are still active. Since 2008, SSA sponsored lien updates have been passed in 16 states with various provisions, most of them including updated and more effective notification procedures that eliminate costly certified mail requirements, allow for email, eliminate or reduce newspaper legal advertisement requirements, provide liability protections and expedite vehicle lien procedures.
Missouri HB 1225 effective 1-1-2015
SCS HCS HB 1225 -- SELF-SERVICE STORAGE FACILITIES ACT
This bill changes the definition of "last known address" under the
Self-Service Storage Facilities Act to a postal address or
electronic mail address and "public sale" to include a sale
conducted on-line at a publicly accessible website. If the rental
agreement contains a limit on the value of property stored in an
occupant's space, that limit must be deemed to be the maximum value
of the stored property and the maximum liability of the owner for a
claim for loss of or damage to the stored property.
Currently, if an occupant is in default for a period of more than
30 days, the operator may enforce a lien and sell the property
stored in the leased space for cash. The bill changes the time
period to if the occupant is in default for more than 45 days.
The bill requires the occupant of a self-service storage facility
to provide a written statement containing or to indicate in the
rental agreement the name and address of any third-party owner of
personal property stored or to be stored in the leased space along
with a description of the property and requires the third-party
owner to be notified at least 45 days prior to any sale of the
The bill allows the owner of a storage facility to treat a stored
vehicle, watercraft, or trailer as an abandoned vehicle and have it
towed from the facility if the rent and other charges remain unpaid
for 60 days. The owner of the facility must not be liable for any
damages to the abandoned vehicle once the tower takes possession of
Self Storage Industry on Television:
Shows like Storage Wars on A&E , and Auction Hunters on Spike have brought a lot of attention to the lien process of the storage industry. People need to remember it is television with editing and staging of some events. Just because a vehicle was shown to be sold as parts in California, does not mean it really happened that way.